Thursday, May 19, 2011

The Gems and Jewels of the Sahaba (ra)

The Gems and Jewels of the Sahaba {Radi'Allahu Anhum} ~ Jewels of the Sahaba Series
by Ustadh Luqman Al-Andalusi on Thursday, May 19, 2011 at 3:21am
As Salamu Alaykum,

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim, Thumma Salatu wa Sallam ala Ashrafil Ambiyaii wal Mursalin, Amin Ya Arhamu Rahimin, wa Ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi Ajmain! Amin!


A gemstone is a mineral, rock, such in the case of lapis lazuli, or petrified material that when cut or faceted and polished is collectible or can be used in jewelry.

Others are organic, such as amber, which is fossilised tree resin and jet, a form of coal.

Some gemstones which may be generally considered precious or beautiful are too soft or too fragile to be used in jewelry, for example, single-crystal rhodochrosite, but are exhibited in museums and are sought by collectors.

Let us take a peek into the lives of the most precious men and women the world has ever seen. They were the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad ibn Abdullahi {Sall'Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam}

Example of precious stones: diamond, sapphire, emerald.

Example semiprecious: garnet, opal, amethyst.



According the Islamic Scholars from any Minhaj and at any time, one must now that it is an obligation to understand that if someone hopes and longs for something then this hope must necessarily include three things:
  • Love of what he hopes for.
  • Fear of losing it.
  • His doing all he can to attain it.
The Proof for this is given by Imam At-Tirmidhi {RahimahuLah} reports from the Hadith of Abu Hurayrah {Radia'Allahu Anhu} that the Messenger of Allah {Sall'Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam} said:
“The one who is afraid {of not reaching a place in time} travels by night and the one who travels by night reaches his destination. Indeed the property of Allah is expensive, indeed the property of Allah is Paradise.”
 Allah says:

“Indeed those who live in awe for fear of their Lord; and those who believe in the signs of their Lord; and those who do not join anyone (in worship) as partners with their Lord; and those who give in charity that which they give with their hearts full of fear, because they are sure to return to their Lord. It is these who race for the good deeds and they are the foremost in them.”

{Surah al-Mu'minun 23:57-61}
Imam At-Tirmidhi {RahmatuLLahi Alayhi} also reports from A'isha {Radia'Allahu Anha} that she said:
“I asked the Messenger of Allah {Sall'Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam} about this verse saying, ‘does it refer to those who drink alcohol, fornicate and steal?’ He replied, ‘No O! daughter of Siddique {Radi'Allahu Anha}!
It refers to those who fast, pray and give charity while fearing that these actions may not be accepted of them. These are the people who rush to perform good actions.”

Caliph Abu Bakr as-Siddique {Radia'Allahu Anhu} said concerning this after learning of it:

“I wish that I were a hair on the back of a believing servant” as reported by Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal {Rahmatulahi Alayhi}.
{This was reported by Imam Ahmad in his Book  ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/13}
Imam Ahmad also mentioned that he used so say, taking hold of his tongue:
“This is what has led me to my destruction!”

{Imam Malik in his al-Muwatta = Rahmatulahi Alayhi}
He used to cry a great deal saying:
“Cry, and if you cannot cry then endeavour to cry.”
{Also reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/13)}
When he stood to pray then it was as if he was a piece of wood due to his fear of Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent.
{Imam Suyuti in his ‘Tarikh al-Khulafa’ (pg. 104}
He was given a bird and turned it over saying:
When death approached him he said to Aishah {Radia'Allahu Anha}:
“O daughter indeed I have been given this cloak, milker and slave from the property of the Muslims, quickly take it to ibn al-Khattab.”

{Also reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/16)}
He used to say:
“By Allah I wish that I was a tree that is eaten from and then truncated.”
The Great Scholar Qatadah {Rahmatulahi Alayhi} said:
“It has reached me that Abu Bakr said, ‘woe to me, if only I were grass that would be eaten by the animals.’”
{Reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/17)}
Here is none other than Umar bin al-Khattab {Radia'Allahu Anhu} reciting Surah at-Tur and when he reached the verse,
“Verily the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass.” {Surah at-Tur 52:7}
He began to cry so much that as a result he fell ill and the people would visit him.
{Reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/29] and Imam Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/51}
At the time of his death he said to his son:
“Woe to you, leave me lying on the ground so that maybe He will be Merciful to me.”
Then he said:
“Woe to me if He does forgive me” three times and passed away.
{Reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ (2/81}

He would recite a verse during his nightly devotions that would inculcate so much fear in him that he would seclude himself in his house for days to come such that the people would think that he had fallen ill.
{Reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/29] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/51)}
He used to have two black furrows running down his face due to his crying.
{Reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/30] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/51}

Ibn Abbas {Radia'Allahu Anhu} said to him:
“Through you Allah has allowed many lands to be conquered and many battles to be won so do as you please.”
He replied:
“I only wish that I can be saved such that my good deeds balance my evil deeds.”
{Reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/34] and Imam Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/52}
Here is none other than Uthman bin `Affan {Radia'Allahu Anhu} who used to cry so much when he stood by a grave that his beard became soaked.
{Reported by Imam at-Tirmidhi [no. 2424], Imam ibn Majah [no. 4267] and Imam Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilyah’ (1/61}
He used to say:
“It is as if I am standing between Paradise and Hell not knowing which one I am destined for. I would choose to be burnt to ashes before knowing which one I am to go to.”
{Reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/42] and Imam Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/60}
Here is none other than Imam, Qadi, Wazir, Mufasir, Ali ibn Abi Talib {Karam Allahu Wajh} whose crying and fear of Allah is well-known.
He used to be extremely afraid of two matters: excessive reliance on hope that would lead to inaction and the following of desires. He said:
“As for excessive reliance on hope then it causes one to forget the Hereafter, as for vain desires then they divert from the truth. Indeed this world will pass away and ahead of it lies the Hereafter and each one has its offspring. So be the children of the Hereafter and do not be the children of the world for indeed today is the time for action without recompense and tomorrow is the time of recompense with no action.”
{Reported by Imam Ahmad in ‘az-Zuhd’ [2/48] and Abu Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilya’ (1/76}
Here is Abu ad-Darda {RA} who used to say:
“The thing I fear most for myself on the Day of Judgement is that it be said to me, ‘O Abu ad-Darda you have learnt but how much did you act upon what you knew?’”

He used to say:
“If only you knew what would certainly happen to you after death – you would never again eat a single bite out of a craving appetite, neither would you drink a single sip of water for the pleasure of insatiable thirst and neither would you resort to your homes seeking shade and comfort. Instead you would go out to the open desert, striking your chests and crying over what is to happen to you. Indeed I wish that I were a tree that is truncated and then eaten from.”
The eyes of Abdullah bin Abbas {Radia'Allahu Anhu} used to be continuously downcast due to his frequent crying.
Abu Dharr {Radia'Allahu Anhu} used to say:
“I wish that I were a tree that is truncated and I wish that I were not created.”
When he was offered charity he used to say:
“We have a goat that provides us milk, a donkey upon which we ride and a freed slave who serves us (of his own free will). I possess a cloak which I do not need and I fear that I will be judged for it.”
One night Tamim ad-Dari {Radia'Allahu Anhu} recited Surah al-Jathiyah and when he reached the verse,
“Or do those who earn evil deeds think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe and do righteous deeds.”
{Surah al-Jathiyah 45:21}
He began to cry and kept repeating the verse until the morning.
Abu Ubaydah Aamir bin al-Jarrah {Radia'Allahu Anhu} said:
“I wish that I was a ram that was slaughtered by my family and then they ate its (cooked) flesh and drank its soup.”
There are many many narrations like this.
It is mentioned from Hasan al-Basri {Rahmatulahi Alayhi} that he said:
“None but a believer fears hypocrisy and none but a hypocrite feels secure from it.”
Umar bin al-Khattab used to say to Hudhayfah:
“I ask you by Allah did the Messenger of Allah {Sall'Allahu Anhu} list me amongst the hypocrites?”

He replied, “no, and I will not give this tazkiyyah to anyone else besides you.”
Close to this in meaning is the saying of the Prophet {Sall'Allahu Alayhi wa Ala Aalihi wa Sallam} to the one who asked him to supplicate and make him one of the seventy thousand who would enter Paradise without judgement, “Ukasha has preceeded you.” He did not mean that Ukasha was the only one deserving of this to the exclusion of the other Companions.

Rather the meaning is that had he supplicated then another would have stood and then another and the door to this would have been opened and it is possible that somebody stand who would not be deserving of his supplication and therefore it would be better to withhold. Allah knows best.

wa Sall'Allahu ala Nabbiyina wa Shafi'ina Muhammad wa Ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Sallim Tasliman

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